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Analize and explain these two points:
The Interview Component :
After the gangs were placed in their respective tier class, interviews were scheduled with the respondents who completed the survey for Tier 1 gangs. Time and resource constraints precluded the possibility of surveying all who responded to the survey. Surveys were open ended yet followed a structured interview guide. The interviews lasted approximately 40 minutes to one hour per gang. Interview data was captured via contemporaneous note taking during the interviews. In total, 34 law enforcement officers with gang expertise were contacted and interviewed. Their years of service involving gang work ranged from five years to over 20. They represented local, county, and state law enforcement agencies. In some instances, respondents answered questions for a specific jurisdiction within a county. At other times, respondents answered questions that covered the county more broadly. Accordingly, the discussion that followed presented a picture for a specific county generally, and in some instances for individual jurisdictions. This was a function of who responded to the survey, and which jurisdictions their knowledge of gangs stemmed from. (U) In total, 14 law enforcement officers with gang expertise completed a survey for Northern New Jersey. They completed surveys for 19 individual gangs that are known to be present in the Northern region of the state. Nine follow-up interviews were conducted to discuss Tier 1 gangs. In total, 12 law enforcement officers with gang expertise completed a survey for Central New Jersey. They completed surveys for 19 individual gangs that are known to be present in the Central region of the state. Nine follow-up interviews were conducted to discuss Tier 1 gangs. In total, 16 experienced gang detectives completed a survey for Southern New Jersey. They completed surveys for 12 individual gangs that are known to be present in the Southern region of the state. Seven follow-up interviews were conducted that discussed Tier 1 gang.
Recruitment and Gang Identification:
Recruitment was reportedly carried out through schools, local neighborhood affiliation, and jails and prisons. Social media was also considered an indirect recruiting tool. Although formal recruitment efforts were reported throughout the state to varying degrees, recruitment appears to be becoming much less formal. For example, in Middlesex County, it was reported that recruitment is very informal and mostly involves having familial ties to the gang. In Camden County, recruitment was reported to be informally occurring through friendships developed in school and on the street. Tattoos depicting gang symbols, displaying or wearing gang colors, and flashing gang signs on the street are falling out of favor for many gang members, especially younger members. This has not disappeared, however. Many members recognized that identifying with gangs in these ways makes them a target of police attention. Further, in some counties, you cannot work a prison job if you are a confirmed gang member, and inmates know that things like displaying hand signs, colors, or having gang related tattoos can lead to being confirm.