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Learning Goal: I’m working on a writing report and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
Download How To – Writing a Literature Review.pdf
Purpose of the Literature Review:
A Literature Review is a collection of research about a particular topic, giving it purpose through synthesis.
To summarize and reorganize information in creating new interpretations of previously research material.
You will use the studies from your Annotated Bibliography to write your Literature Review.
Length of the Literature Review:
Five to seven (5-7) pages of carefully and well composed words.
What to Consider When Writing the Literature Review:
Literature reviews do not form arguments and do not define.
Literature reviews include theories of the topic and previous studies conducted on the topic.
Place each work in the context of its contribution to the understanding of the subject under review.
Describe the relationship of each work to the others under consideration.
Identify new ways to interpret, and shed light on any gaps in, previous research.
Resolve conflicts amongst seemingly contradictory previous studies.
Identify areas of prior scholarship to prevent duplication of effort.
Point the way forward for further research.
Frame your research proposal in context of existing literature.
Components of a Literature Review:
Overview of the Literature Review and its objectives.
Division of work into categories.
Explanation of each section.
How to Write the Literature Review:
Determine an approach — There are many ways to organize a
literature review: Chronological (by date), thematic (by theme), and
methodological (by method). However, the thematic organization schema
is oftentimes the most effective.
Your literature will be drawn from your Annotated Bibliography.
Introduce the Literature Review chapter
Present the body of the Literature Review — categorize research, summarize and synthesize information.
Subheaders should be used to make your data most comprehendible.
Conclude the Literature Review with a summarization of the main points, emphasizing gaps in research.
Example of an Abstract: (see How To – Writing a Literature Review.pdf
Formatting of the Abstract:
The Header: (all capitals, centered, bold)
The Font:
Font must be legible. Select a clear/simple font: Aerial, Calibri, Times New Roman, Tahoma.
Font size for text must be 12-point.
Bottom line: Once you have selected a font stick with it for the entire document.
The Margins:
Portrait orientation with 1 inch margin on all sides. Only page numbers may encroach on bottom margins.
Text must be justified against the left margin, and each paragraph should be indented.
Double-space all text.
The following exceptions are single-spaced: Block quotations (40 words or more in length).
Page number are sequential continuing from Chapter I..
Page numbers are located in the bottom footer at center of the pages.
A single sequence of consecutive Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, etc.) is required to paginate the text.
Lower-case Roman numerals (i, ii, iii, etc.) are used to paginate the preliminary pages.
Title pages are not counted or numbered.